Using smart grid technology in energy distribution systems
Using smart grid technology in today energy distribution systems will reduce cost, reach manageability, provide safety of energy supply chain to end customer and provide new innovative energy service delivery. Term “smart grid” can be explained with following words – intelligent, self-sustained, with management based on IP (Internet Protocol) telecommunication network for transportation of critical data in real-time from customer site (smart meters, smart homes, smart buildings) and distributed power plants to central management station (energy service provider operations). Main function of the central management station is to acquire and evaluate stored data in real time and based on this stored and evaluated data, in case of emergency, power outage on some subsystem or increased need for power on specific location, to apply necessary steps in real-time. Therefore data conformity and security in smart grid technology is an important function concept to implement. Nevertheless primary goal of smart grid technology is to improve the efficiency, reliability and safety of power delivery by modernizing both the transmission and the distribution grids. This article has a goal to provide a high-end top-level view of a modern telecommunication infrastructure needed to implement a smart grid technology into an energy transmission and distribution grid.